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Biotic Components – And Antibiotics And Examples

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The biotic component is one of the forming components that are interrelated with one another. In addition to biotic components, there are also abiotic components, but here I will only provide a discussion of the biotic components, starting from their understanding, role and function.

Because these components also have important functions and mutually support each other for the success of an ecosystem.

Definition of Biotic Components

Is a component in which there is an ecosystem in the form of living things. This component itself consists of various types, including animals, humans, plants and also microorganisms.

Each component is very important and has its own function in order to maintain an ecosystem form that they have. Humans themselves are included in the main component that has a very large influence and has an important role in the survival of both animals and plants.

These components themselves are living things that live in their respective habitats. Habitat is an environment or place to live that is suitable for certain creatures to live well and breed there.

Biotic Components Based on Their Roles and Functions

One example of this component is zebras, grass and trees in one environment. And they need each other. Because every living thing has its own role and function. And called by the term nisia.

This component also consists of four kinds of living things which are differentiated based on their roles and functions or nisia, here is the full explanation:

1. Manufacturer

The living things in this component are at the highest level because producers are able to meet their own needs by making food for themselves.

Producers are also organisms that can arrange inorganic substances or do not contain living ingredients into organic or substances that contain living ingredients. Then make it as food.

Producers themselves are also known as autotrophic organisms that can make food with the help of sunlight. The components of these producers are usually occupied by green plants that have chlorophyll.

Because plants can make their own food through the process of photosynthesis which is assisted by sunlight.

Apart from plants, there are also phytoplankton which are able to make their own food in large quantities. So they also provide a source of food for other creatures that live in the waters. Then there is also moss, blue algae to bacteria which are included in the producer components.

2. Consumers

If producers are able to make their own food and even produce food for other living things. So consumers cannot make their own food and depend for their lives on other living things that are producers.

These living things are also called heterotof organisms which are a class of animals. Humans, microbes and fungi also belong to the consumer group because they disturb other living things as a source of food.

The consumer component is divided into three parts when viewed from the way they eat, namely:


Is a type of living creature that eats plants such as rabbits, goats, cows, deer, buffalo and others. They are usually referred to as primary consumers.


Is a living creature that eats other animals or also known as meat eaters. They are included as living things that are in the second level and are commonly referred to as second-level consumers.


It is a living thing that eats everything, be it plants or meat. Humans are omnivores and rats, chickens, pigs are other examples. Omnivores are also considered as apex consumers. Especially humans.

If based on the level, the consumer component is divided into three kinds, namely:

Primary Consumers

Are consumers that eat producers directly and are all types of herbivores. But there are also omnivores such as goats, chickens, cows, rats and others.

Secondary Consumer

Is a group of consumers who eat primary consumers, this group consists of carnivores and omnivores such as tigers, lions, chickens, snakes and many others.

Tertiary Consumer

Is a consumer group that eats secondary consumers, they consist of carnivores and omnivores such as eagles, octopuses, humans, sharks and others.

Producers and consumers have an interrelated relationship that cannot be separated. Because these two groups depend on each other. This means that the existence of producers affects consumers and vice versa.

For example, the carbon dioxide cycle that humans and animals emit is needed by plants so that they can photosynthesize and produce food for consumers who are humans and animals.

So humans and animals need plants as a source of food. But plants also need the presence of humans and animals that produce carbon dioxide to help them photosynthesize and reproduce.

3. Decomposer

Decomposers or decomposers are living things that obtain their food from other living things that have died. Because decomposers consist of living things or organisms that have certain functions.

So that they have the ability to decompose waste and leftovers from living things that have died. Decomposers themselves are a group that plays an important role in maintaining ecosystems and the survival of all creatures on earth.

This group of decomposers can also be called decomposers because they are able to decompose organic matter and experience recycling so that nutrients are formed.

Creatures belonging to decomposers are organisms that have very small shapes and usually live in water, in the air or even in the soil. Those included in the decomposers are fungi, bacteria and fungi.

Decomposers are biotic components that have an important role in life and support the formation of a good environment and ecosystem.

4. Detrivore

Also known as detritus, which is a type of organism or living thing that eats organic particles or those that contain living matter. Detritus is the breakdown of plant and animal tissue that has been destroyed and weathered.

Examples of living things that are detritus include:

  • Snails are shelled and coiled organisms when they enter the adult stage.
  • Earthworms are animals that have a tube-like shape and a segmented body.
  • Centipedes are nocturnal animals that have a pair of legs on each segment of their body and are venomous animals.
  • Keluwing or the tallest is a segmented animal that has approximately 30 segments with a pair of legs on each segment and is included in the millipede animal.
  • Sea cucumbers which have another name trepang or sea cucumber are invertebrate animals that can be eaten and also live in almost all waters. Especially in the West Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean.


Every biotic component and living creature has its own role and function in its environment in an effort to meet food needs. So that a good ecosystem is created.

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Originally posted 2022-12-19 12:45:18.

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