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Explain the Definition of Natural Soft Materials – The definition of handicrafts is goods that are produced using manual skills. The craft produces work that emphasizes the value of beauty as decoration or use.
Handicrafts are part of the beneficial arts whose manufacture involves manual skills in processing basic needs. Craft production is intended for functional (useful) purposes as well as aesthetic value.
Explain the Definition of Natural Soft Materials
A. As decoration, handicrafts made solely for decorative or display purposes do not have a special meaning.
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Third. As a ritual need, handicrafts that contain certain symbols and function as magical objects are associated with faith and spirituality.
Although the purpose of the ship is different, it still has economic value. Which craft itself can add to the selling value of a product.
Based on the materials used, soft material crafts are divided into two types, namely natural and artificial soft materials.
Natural soft materials are creative materials obtained from nature, and the way they are processed is also natural, not mixed or combined with artificial ingredients.
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Artificial soft material is something that humans process using their own chemicals and alloys, which are not native to nature, to achieve the effect of replicating natural materials.
According to the materials used, handicrafts made of hard materials are also divided into two types, namely natural and artificial hard materials.
This craft uses raw materials that come from nature and is processed, but does not change the shape of the object.
These crafts are made from materials that have undergone a rework process until they harden and change shape to be used as raw materials for crafts. Examples of natural hard materials are iron, metal, wire, glass, cement, cans and tin.
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Soft waste refers to the adjective soft, which means soft waste, soft and malleable. Soft waste is divided into organic and inorganic soft waste.
Organic soft waste usually comes from plants. All parts of plants that are classified as waste can be processed into creative products.
Organic soft waste that can be recycled includes corn husks, onion husks, peanut husks, fruit/seed husks, straw, paper and banana leaves.
Inorganic soft waste comes from materials that are processed with a mixture of chemicals and is easily formed and processed from simple materials. The nature of this inorganic soft waste is relatively difficult to decompose, maybe some of it can be decomposed, but it takes a long time.
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Inorganic soft waste usually comes from industrial activities, mining and from domestic waste. Examples include plastic containers, packing boxes, tiles, synthetic rubber and styrofoam.
Crafts from soft materials can produce different shapes. Among them are clay crafts that become ceramics, vases, jars, earthenware or eating and drinking utensils.
The plaster craft can then be used as a wall decoration as well as a toy. There is also soap which is usually carved and then given a certain color and pattern, or mixed with a little sago and water so that it can be shaped as needed.
Hard material crafts can take many forms. Among them are trees for the production of wooden displays, wooden toys, furniture and others.
Examples of Crafts from Soft Materials (definition & technique)
So that the stone can be used as a sculpture decoration and accessories to complement clothing. The metal can be jewelry, metal cases or medals. Or the silver is made into miniatures, key chains and jewelry.
Various pieces can be turned into unique crafts. For example, used plastic waste can be processed into bags, tissue boxes, hats, umbrellas, raincoats, maps and much more.
Straws can be used as flower decorations, tablecloths, wall hangings or dolls. After that, the packing boxes can be turned into cans, bags, flower vases, wall hangings and dolls. Home » Cultural Arts » Definition of soft material crafts along with their functions, advantages, types and examples of soft material crafts.
Soft material craft is work that comes from soft materials which are the main basic material. In our daily lives, of course, we are not far from objects such as plates, ceramics, bags and other handicrafts.
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Soft materials are divided into two types, namely natural soft materials and artificial soft materials. Crafts from soft materials are creative products that use soft base materials, some soft materials are used to produce creative products, namely as follows:
Natural soft materials are soft materials that come from the natural environment and the way they are naturally processed is not mixed or combined with artificial ingredients.
Artificial soft materials are artificial materials that are processed to soften. Different crafts can be made from artificial soft materials depending on the materials used. The materials used can be paper pulp, plaster, fiberglass, wax, soap, sponges, etc.
The function of handicraft products made from soft materials is divided into two, namely functioning as disposable objects and as decorative objects:
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Objects or elements made of soft materials that have a useful function are often used as work tools, containers or clothing accessories. As a disposable object, of course the purpose of its preparation prioritizes its function, while the beauty or aesthetic elements are only as a support. The function of use is further divided into functions of building materials, containers, cleaning and entertainment functions. The function as a building material can be in the form of plaster and adobe, the function as a container can be in the form of a tissue holder, the function of entertainment is in the form of shadow puppets, and as a cleaner it can be in the form of . in the form of a mat.
Crafts made of soft materials as decorative objects can be presented as ornaments or aesthetic elements that prioritize aspects of beauty rather than usability. Examples of handicrafts made of soft materials with decorative functions are statues, jars, etc.
This subject is also very important to be taught in schools. The younger generation must not forget art and culture. Besides, making this craft can increase your creativity.
In addition to having high artistic value, crafts made from soft materials also have economic value. Making works from soft materials and continuing to innovate can be works and create jobs. A work of art that has high artistic value is often sold at a fantastic price. So that this craft can be a source of income.
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Here are some techniques for making handicrafts from soft materials. These techniques have been adapted to all materials used. Among others :
Techniques for making handicrafts from soft materials In general, modeling techniques are used to make handicrafts with clay. There are several types of training techniques, namely:
In this winding technique, the way to make it is by manually massaging it directly with your fingers or by making the clay free to make the desired shape. The shape is not always symmetrical. This twisting technique is often used by artists and ceramic craftsmen.
Manufacturing techniques using rotary tools can produce many symmetrical (round and cylindrical) and varied shapes. This technique is also often used by ceramic artists. Traditional potters usually use a hand wheel or kick wheel. These artisans worked with rotary tools and produced handicrafts in much the same way as barrels and jars.
Artificial Soft Material
In printing techniques there are two techniques for forming fine materials, namely: one-time printing (cire verdue) and reprinting. Printing technique is a printing technique that produces prints and cannot be reproduced. Reprint technique (bi valve) is a printing technique that can produce works in large quantities with the exact same shape and size. A common molding material is gypsum, as for hollow, solid, jegger and decorative patchwork prints. This technique is usually applied to mass-produced ceramic factories, such as household appliances.
Techniques for Making Soft Tissue Art Materials This weaving technique is often used to create works of art from soft materials with certain characteristics. The raw materials used to make crafts with this weaving technique come from various types of plant fibers, such as rattan, bamboo, palm leaves, pandan leaves, tree fibers, banana trees, and water hyacinth.
Techniques for making works of art from fine materials Weaving techniques are basically the same as weaving techniques, the difference is only in the tools used. For weaving techniques, we just do it by hand (manually) and almost without using tools. Meanwhile, in weaving crafts, tools are often called warp or weft.
Techniques for making embroidery art on fine materials Embroidery is the decoration of threads on cloth. Another term similar to embroidery is embroidery. Embroidery applications are widely used to make clothes.
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Techniques for making crafts with soft materials Carving Carving techniques are the activities of scratching, chiseling and incising patterns onto the surface of the object being carved. Most often, the carving technique is applied to wooden materials, but it can also be used on soft materials such as solid soap and wax. After learning various techniques for making soft art, you should also read the steps for making soft art. Among others :
Design is the first step that we take after getting the idea to make a craft made of fine materials, good design will definitely produce good work too. Usually this design is done on a piece of paper and then we draw as much detail as possible.
After careful planning, the next step is to prepare various tools and materials. All tools and materials are documented in good quality so that you get maximum results.
The design and all material tools are ready, then we can start the production process. First, we create the basic parts of the craft to make design easier and speed up the production process.
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Craft products made from soft materials are very diverse, ranging from handicrafts used for functional purposes to handicrafts for decoration.
Crafts made of clay are often referred to as ceramic art. Ceramics are works of art that use clay as raw material which has undergone processing (ground, grated, twisted, fired and glazed) to produce goods or objects for use and beautiful decorations. For example: cutlery, vases, jars, plates. Below are examples of pottery and ceramics. In Indonesia, there are various types of ceramics from various regions with unique shapes, techniques and decorative features. The richness of Indonesia’s biodiversity has inspired beauty
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