Watch the full video of Fatahillah’s actions after successfully seizing Banten from the Sunda Kingdom were
Fatahillah’s actions after successfully seizing Banten from the Sunda Kingdom were – As of 22 June 2010, Jakarta is 483 years old, 322 years (805 years) less than Banda Aceh.
Indeed, Aceh’s contribution to the Republic of Indonesia is not just donating two planes to become the capital city of Indonesia when it becomes independent. or the Pasay language which is the only lingua franca But also the establishment of the nation’s capital. Indonesia’s name “Still exists” in the international world is still heard on Radio Rimba Raya. At that time Indonesia was again imitated by the Netherlands in another aggression. Not to mention that the son of Aceh Markam donated 27 kilograms of gold at the top of Mount Monas which is now the pride of Jakarta. Or that Aceh has donated natural gas production for decades to the central government. which only returns zero percent to Aceh. Even though there is a product distribution law.
Fatahillah’s actions after successfully seizing Banten from the Sunda Kingdom were
According to many sources, Jakarta was first founded by Ahmad Fatahillah, son of Aceh from the Kingdom of Pasay. His arrival in Java was welcomed by the Sultan of Demak (Prince Trenggono) with the support of the Sultan of Demak Ahmad Fatahhi. Fatahillah’s attack on Pajajaran was won by Fatahillah with two simultaneous victories. Besides being able to seize Sunda Kelapa from the Kingdom of Pajajaran, he was also able to expel the Portuguese from the Sunda Kelapa area he occupied. For this victory in 1527, the Sultan of Demak appointed M. Fatahillah, Regent of Sunda Kelapa. Victory”.
History of Indonesia 11 I (compulsory), June 2014, Kur 2013
That is the early history of the founding of Jakarta. Ironically, Fatahillah’s role in its journey seems to be obscured, even “Fatahillah” has been immortalized under the name Museum in Jakarta (Meseum Fatahillah) or the Jakarta History Museum (MSJ). with historical critical thinking The exhibitions at Museum Fatahillah seem to come from separate historical periods. This means that information about the history of Jakarta is only displayed from prehistoric to colonial times. “Jayakarta” historical moments were not found during the Fatahillah period. Ignore the historic moment of Fatahillah. It seems to jump from prehistoric times. The Hindu-Buddhist era came straight to Batavia under Dutch colonialism. The name Jayakarta was changed to Batavia on March 14, 1621, when the Dutch controlled Bandar Jayakarta, the name given by Fatahillah on June 22, 1527.
Known by the Dutch as Batavia to rename Jayakarta, it commemorates the Batavir tribe, the oldest tribe in the Netherlands located in the Rhine Valley, who are considered the ancestors of the Dutch people. It is clear that between the title Jayakarta given by Fatahillah to Sunda Kelapa on 22 June 1527 and the change of name from Batavia by the Dutch to Jayakarta on 14 March 1621, the history of Jakarta was cut off. One more century from Fatahillah history The loss of Fatahillah history at the Jakarta History Museum happened once. This means that at the same time eliminating historical information about the role of Fatahillah as the founder of the city of Jakarta. We don’t know whether this was intentionally left out because the founders of Jakarta were Acehnese or not?
State history denies the role of Aceh. There are almost no other antiquities and manuscripts. On display at the Fatahillah Museum. (Jakarta History Museum) So naive Jakarta nowadays. In all its grace ignores the founders. Javanese historians seem reluctant to mention the figure of Fatahillah, a warlord priest also from Pasay Aceh. Not too prominent in the history of the nation as well as Maulana, Malik Ibrahim and Malik Ishak (two Acehnese priests), who first spread Islam in Java. They also did not appear. Maulana Malik Ibrahim’s grave is still located in East Java where the tomb is believed to be the same age as the one in Samudra Pasai, Aceh.
The opponent was so afraid of Fatahillah that many big names emerged. The Portuguese called Fatahillah Falatehan, the sultan of Demak called him. “The Great One from Pasha” in another version. The Portuguese call Fatahillah “Fatahillah Khan”. The Javanese generally referred to him during Falatehan’s lifetime as “Ki Fatahillah”, which means Honorable because of his intelligence and character in Javanese society. Some versions also state that Sunan Gunung Jati actually refers to the Javanese walisongo song. One of them is Fatahillah, and the name Sunan Gunung Jati is synonymous with Syarif Hidayatullah, which is in the current name of the State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta, which means that according to this version, Fatahillah has two other names written on it: Sunan Gunung Jati and Sharif Hidayatullah.
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Much history is still buried. Including the history of Fatahillah’s marriage as the son-in-law of Sunan Gunung Jati, since Fatahillah married the Sultan of Demak to his grandson. who is the son of Sunan Gunung Jati, then if anyone argues that Fatahillah is neither Sunan Gunung Jati nor Syarif Hidayatullah who is weak, because compared to other sources such as Babat Caruban (Edit Babat Cerebon: 1720 AD), Saifufuddin Zuhri in A History of Islamic Awakening in Indonesian (1980) and HM Zainuddin in Tariehk Aceh i Nusantara (1961) say that Sunan Gunung Jati refers to another name Fatahillah, a scholar from Pasai (Aceh) who migrated to Java who later experienced success in seizing Bandar Sunda Kepalu from the Kingdom of Pajajaran and the Portuguese . Sunda Kelapa changed its name to Jayakarta, the forerunner to the founding of Jakarta as the capital of the Republic of Indonesia as we know it today. This designation lasted at least until the 13th century. A Chinese source named Shung Peng Hsiang Sung, which is said to have been written in 1430, reports that Banten was the location of a series of shipping routes built by Mao Kun around 1421. These shipping lines were Tanjung Sekong-Gresik-Jaraan; Banten-Timor ; Banten Demak ; Banten-Banjaresh; Kreug (Aceh)-Barus-Pariaman-Banten. Meanwhile, in the book Ying-Yai-She-Lan (1433), Banten is referred to as Shut’a, which is very close to the pronunciation of Sundanese. This book tells about the journey of Admiral Cheng Ho and Ma Huan to various locations on the island of Java.
In a European account from Tome Pires’ Travel Journal (1513), Banten is described as a bustling port city under the rule of the Kingdom of Sunda. The note also describes Banten as a good trading city because it is located on a bay and estuary. At the head of this city there is a harbor harbor and trading area, not only Sumatra. The main goods exported from this port are pepper, rice and other foodstuffs.
Apart from foreign sources, there are also domestic sources which mention Banten Carita Parahiyangan, which was written in 1518, mentioning the existence of a place called Wahanten Girang which is located slightly in the middle of the sea. kota is the original word for Banten.
In the mid-16th century, Banten was not just a trading port. but also grew as a center of power (kingdom). The Sultanate of Banten was formed by two main components: political power and economic power. The political forces that spearheaded the formation of the Banten Sultanate consisted of three main forces: Demak, Cirebon and Banten, with Sunan Gunung Jati, Fatahillah and Maolan Hasanuddin as their predecessors.
Fatahillah, Son of Aceh Founder of Jakarta City
His pioneering activities began with the spread of Islam. Then there was the formation of the Muslim community. Military control over the area (1526) and finally political control over the area until the formation of an independent government known as the Sultanate of Banten.
Another force that formed the Sultanate of Banten was Muslim traders. Both local traders and traders from other areas. This fact is supported by the fact that since the early 15th century, there have been an increasing number of Islamic settlements on the north coast of Banten Bay.
Now the question is who was the founder of the Sultan of Banten? This question is worth asking considering that so far there have been two versions. The first version that founded the Banten Sultanate was Maulana Hasanudin, and the second version claims that Sunan Gunung Jati was the founder of the Banten Sultanate along with the Cirebon Sultanate.
According to the first opinion Prince Hasanuddin founded Surosovan as the capital of the kingdom on the advice of his father Syarif Hidayatullah (Sunan Gunung Jati) after the completion of the city he was appointed as the first ruler of Banten which at that time had not been given sovereignty because it was still under the influence of the Sunda kingdom. the following:
Banten Gets Away From Demak
At that time there was a commotion in Banten caused by Prince Sabakingkin, son of Susuhunan Jatipurba and his followers. The Muslims and their students, with the arrival of the Demak and Cirebon troops anchored in Banten. The entertainment brought troops to attack … Buddhist armies. The Duke of Banten and his followers fled into the southeastern wilderness towards the large city of Pakuan Pachran. Prince Saba Ginkkin then reigned in the country of Banten, with his father having the title Prince Hasanuddin as the ruler of the entire Sunda region centered in Paserbumi for example. Tanah Cirebon or Garasi…
According to this first commentary, Maulana Hasanuddin’s appointment to rule over Banten occurred in 1552 when he was 27 years old.
This opinion was rejected by Hoesein Djajadiningrat. who claimed that the founder of the Banten Kingdom was not Maulana Hasanudin, but Sunan Gunung Jati. He also founded the Cirebon Kingdom, Sunan Gunung Jati who appointed his son Maulun Hasanuddin as the second king of Banten. Therefore, it can be said that Banten was originally the residence of King Sunan gunungjati. And the city of Cirebon is said to be a mandala, when Sunan Gunung Jati moved to Cirebon, Banten seemed to have only become a regency.
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