Watch the full video of History of Indonesia: The Rebellion Against the Sovereignty of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia
Immaku.com this time we will discuss the History of Indonesia – Indonesia was colonized by the Portuguese when it first arrived in Malacca in 1509. At that time, the Portuguese had succeeded in controlling Malacca on August 10, 1511 under the leadership of Alfonso de Albuquerque.
The Indonesian people were able to carry out various resistance against Portuguese territory. One of the main protests was that Fatahillah came from Demak and succeeded in capturing Sunda Kelapa from the Portuguese.
How is the history of Indonesia? In this discussion, we will explain the Indonesian nation clearly, briefly and easily to understand. Come on… Check out the review as follows.
Get to know Indonesian History
Prior to Indonesian independence, the Portuguese colonial period ended briefly in 1602, after Indonesia was invaded by the Dutch. The Dutch invaded Indonesia under the leadership of Cornelis de Houtman.
In 1602, the Dutch wanted to find the VOC who controlled Indonesian spices. Because the market was controlled by the Chinese and the British, the VOC branch moved to South Sulawesi. In South Sulawesi, the VOC appeared as Sultan Hasanudin.
Various agreements have been reached, including the Bongaya Agreement. However, Sultan Hasanudin also violated his treaty with the Dutch.
After that, they moved to Yogyakarta. In Yogyakarta, the VOC signed the Giyanti Agreement, which said “the Netherlands recognizes the funeral as the first Sultan Hamengku Buwono”.
A very long span of time that began in prehistoric times with the discovery of “Javanese Man” 1.7 million years ago. The period of Indonesian history can be divided into five eras.
The period in the pre-colonial era, the emergence of Hindu-Buddhist and Islamic kingdoms in Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan, which were mainly dependent on trade.
The colonial period, an influx of Europeans (mainly Dutch, Spanish, and Portuguese) who wanted spices, led to Dutch colonialism for about 3.5 centuries between the early 17th and mid-20th centuries.
Early Independence, after the proclamation of Indonesian independence (1945) until the fall of Soekarno (1966). The New Order era, 32 years during the reign of Soeharto (1966-1998), and the reform order that continues to this day.
The Rebellion Most Dangerous to the Sovereignty of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia
After obtaining independence and sovereignty, new problems emerged that could be more dangerous than colonialism. There were several riots that most threatened the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia, including:
1. PKI rebellion in Madiun in 1948
This rebellion can be known as the PKI Musso Rebellion. Musso returned from Moscow on 11 August 1948, bringing communist teachings to Indonesia. He proclaimed the establishment of the Indonesian Soviet Government.
The goal, is to change the ideology of Pancasila into communism. Given this condition, however, the TNI is by no means silent. Finally, the city of Madiun was reconquered on September 30, 1948 by the army.
2. The rebellion of the Indonesian Revublik Revolutionary Government
This group was formed because they felt that the central government was acting unfairly in allocating development funds. As a result, community councils were formed in Sumatra and Sulawesi.
As the name suggests, this revolutionary army wants to have a new form of ideology and more and more supporters and supporters of this movement.
3. The DI/TII rebellion
This movement was in line with the disappointment of many parties over President Soekarno’s policies. This rebellion was led by Kartosuwiryo, who wanted to form an Islamic state of Indonesia.
Support came from various parties, especially Aceh. Over time, the DI/TII groups grew and feared that they were threatening the integrity of the nation. Finally, the government ordered the suppression of this movement.
4. Permesta Rebellion (World People’s Struggle)
Permesta which was promulgated on March 2, 1957 by East Indonesian civil and military leaders. This movement is not much different from PRRI. The difference is that this movement has foreign support.
However, when the central government found out, they opposed this move and were finally defeated in August 1958.
5. The Student Movement to Overcome the New Order Crisis
The New Order was the longest running regime since Indonesian independence. The president was Suharto, who ruled for 32 years ending in May 1998.
Suharto was deemed incapable of causing the state to allow massive inflation in Indonesia to weaken the rupiah, the situation in Indonesia was chaotic, the price of staple foods rose dramatically and so on.
In the country Indonesia was colonized by the Portuguese when they first arrived in Malacca in 1509. In 1602, the Dutch wanted to find the VOC who controlled Indonesian spices.
5. Another Rebellion
Other similar insurgencies include the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), the G30 S/PKI Tragedy Separation Movement, which is an Organization for Free Papua and the Republic of South Maluku (RMS). All of the tragedies mentioned above aim to form a new ideology or separate from the state in the existence of a unified Republic of Indonesia.
However, we must be grateful that all rebellions have been crushed by the government so that we can still experience Indonesia from Sabang to Merauke today.
Thus the discussion this time that we have conveyed clearly and briefly about the History of Indonesia. Hopefully this review can be useful and useful for all of you.