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Plants Suitable For Plantation In The Highlands Are – Plants that are suitable for nursery business in the valley is an interesting topic that we will discuss this time. As we know, the agricultural sector, especially the cultivation of food crops, is one of the most productive and reliable sectors. This is reflected in the large number of people who depend on agriculture for their income and income.
In addition, with a large surface area and high soil fertility, this type of plant can grow well and produce good crops. However, with different soils and elevations, it is also possible to cultivate different types of plants.
Plants Suitable For Plantation In The Highlands Are
Almost all parts of the coconut plant can be used, for example the seeds are used for food – both young, called dugan, and old, and coconut milk can be made from the dregs. The tree can be made a good tree. The leaves can be used as a roof for buildings or to wrap ketupat.
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You could say this plant is very rich and has many benefits. Therefore it is natural that coconut is called an ordinary plant.
Coconut water is also great for treating dehydration because it contains natural electrolytes, and coconut is very useful in the world of cosmetics. The most surprising thing is that coconut roots have become a source of starvation chickens in buildings around the world.
Coconut plantations are easy to find in the lowlands, especially along the coast. This shows that cowpea is one of the plants that can be grown in the lowlands.
This is due to the altitude above sea level and the valley climate which is very hot and can support the growth and development of coconut trees so as to produce good quality fruit.
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However, coconut plants can be grown in high mountains. But of course it has drawbacks, namely the quality of the fruit is not as good as in the desert. Also, life expectancy is shorter when plants are grown too high. Unlike plains plants, they can live as long as ten years.
Coconut seeds are important in the production of copra or coconut oil which has long been known for its great benefits and is the best type of oil. So do not be surprised if you will find coconut plantations, from small to large, covering hundreds of thousands of hectares, almost in every valley.
Oil palm is one of the main ingredients in agriculture. Oil palm is an important crop for the processing of palm oil (industrial oil, fuel and biodiesel).
The oil palm plant is very profitable because the market price of palm oil is stable both domestically and internationally, palm oil is one of the main export products.
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We should be proud because Indonesia is the largest palm oil producer in the world. For this reason, we can easily find oil palm cultivation in almost all parts of Indonesia, especially in desert areas, as a way to control pests.
To produce good fruit, date palms should be planted in areas with high temperatures or highlands with little rainfall. If there is a lot of rainfall, it will greatly affect the quantity and quality of the seeds produced, such as how to grow tomatoes hydroponically and how to grow tomatoes in bags.
Therefore, oil palm is one type of plant that can be planted as a lowland crop. This can be seen from the efforts of lowland communities to clear and convert land into oil palm plantations. There are also many large companies, both government and private, that own thousands of hectares of oil palm land.
Rubber is a type of plant that can produce sap containing hydrocarbon polymers, which later, when processed, become an important ingredient in the production of rubber and other types of rubber products.
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Rubber trees can only be grown in the desert because these plants are very sensitive to cold weather and heavy rains as a way to beat Koris in raising poultry.
If the rainfall is too high, the plant may not produce latex rubber which will be processed and processed later. Rubber plantations can be found in almost every desert. From small rubber plantations to private and government land that can cultivate thousands of hectares. Climate is the most important factor in growing tea that needs attention, such as temperature, rain, sunlight and wind. Weather conditions will also depend on altitude. As a plant originating from the tropics, Indonesian plants like warm weather. The ideal climate for tea plants is a daily temperature of 13-25 degrees Celsius, followed by sunlight and an average humidity of at least 70% during the day. The tea plant will stop growing if the air temperature is below 13 degrees Celsius above 30 degrees and the relative humidity (RH) is below 70%.
The tea plant is not drought tolerant, so it is suitable to be planted in areas with high rainfall and distribution throughout the year. The ideal rainfall for tea plants is the average of the last ten years with no more than 60 mm of dry months, no more than two months and no months without rain. The annual rainfall should be at least 2000 mm.
Sunlight is very influential on the growth of tea, the more light, the faster it grows if there is enough rainfall. Sunlight also affects air temperature, the more sunlight, the higher the air temperature. If the air temperature reaches 30 degrees Celsius, the growth of green tea will stop. Therefore, in desert gardens (400-800), annual cover crops should be grown, along with temporary cover crops. Shade trees filter and reduce the intensity of sunlight, reduce air humidity and increase relative humidity. In addition, applying enough mulch to spread over the soil, up to 20 tonnes of fresh material per hectare, can lower soil temperature, which in turn lowers the temperature of the air above it. High soil temperatures can damage roots, especially at the top.
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The tea tree needs protection. The function of the shade trees on tea grass is very much so that the management of the shade must be done as much as possible, when logging is carried out and when it is abandoned it is changed according to needs.
Wind affects the growth of tea. In general, winds from the plains bring warm, dry air. This often affects the growth of the tea tree. 2-3 days of constant wind will cause the leaves to fall off. Wind can also affect humidity and influence the spread of pests and diseases. Preventive measures include planting windbreak trees on garden borders or the side where the wind usually passes.
The tea plant can be propagated by seeds or cuttings. They are usually propagated in this way, using seeds, as a cross between a male and a female. Plants, tea leaf cuttings can be taken from the main garden. The branches to be taken should have 10-12 rows, and the branches cut to 10-15cm.
Distribution Area The tea plant grows mainly in the area between 30°N and south of the equator. Tea also grows best in soil with a pH between 4.5 and 5.6. Soil types include Latosol and Podzolike soils. Also, tea grows best in soil with a visible, structured depth of more than 40 cm.
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The air temperature favored by the tea plant is between 13°C and 25°C. At least 70% sunlight relative to humidity per day. The average rainfall over the past ten years shows that the driest months receive less than 60 mm of rain.
The amount of rain is not less than 2000 mm per year. The more sunlight, the faster it grows, provided there is enough rain. Although the altitude is suitable for tea grass, 800-2000 m asl or higher.
Growing this plant outdoors requires felling trees and removing shrubs and grass, loosening the soil, making planting holes, and timing planting. Although the most commonly used space is a rectangle with a spacing of 90 x 120 cm and 70 x 100 cm. Weed control in tea plantations can be done mechanically and chemically. Mechanical methods are used to dig and turn the plants. This method is very suitable for tea cultivation.
Chemical resistance to using herbicides is common in tea plants. Chemical control is very advantageous because it uses less labor, prevents damage to young tea roots and reduces costs at a later date. Most people in the highlands of Indonesia depend on agriculture for their economy. As the demand for food increases, agricultural activities will also develop. However, increased agricultural activity in the highlands is often controversial. The reason, the control is still bad.
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Indonesian highlands with enormous cultivation potential, around 6.8 million hectares. hectare (ha). Although not comparable to the plains area which reaches 87.2 million ha, agriculture in the highlands is very important in supporting food. Also see job opportunities for the community.
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