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The climate in ASEAN countries in general is – The geographical location of ASEAN countries is between the Australian continent and the Asian continent. What about the climate and geographical conditions? Here’s the explanation.
The climate in ASEAN countries is tropical and generally has two seasons. The geographical location of ASEAN countries is in the southeastern part of the Asian continent. What about the geographical conditions in ASEAN countries?
The climate in ASEAN countries in general is
Or the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN is a geopolitical organization (local or international politics and relations between regions).
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As an organization, ASEAN has a number of objectives, including economic cooperation, cultural development, military, education and regional peace. The largest city in ASEAN is Jakarta. The ASEAN Secretariat is also located in this city.
ASEAN has the motto “One Vision, One Identity, One Community” or “One Vision, One Identity, One Community”. And the national anthem is “The ASEAN Way”. The history of the founding of ASEAN began when representatives from 5 countries gathered in Bangkok.
ASEAN is an international organization that represents countries located in the Southeast Asian region. 10 countries in Southeast Asia are registered as members of this organization, namely: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand.
Followed by Brunei Darussalam (joined on 7 January 1984), Vietnam (joined on 30 July 1995), Laos (joined on 28 July 1997), Myanmar (joined on 28 July 1997) and Cambodia (joined on 30 April 1999). .
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Initially, on August 8, 1967, representatives of 5 countries met in Bangkok, Thailand, which resulted in the adoption of the Joint Declaration of Signing of the ASEAN Declaration (also known as the Bangkok Declaration).
The five countries represented were Indonesia (Adam Malik), Malaysia (Tun Abdul Razak), Philippines (Narciso Ramos), Singapore (S. Rajaratnam) and Thailand (Tanat Homan). They wanted to create an organization based on geographic equality to accelerate economic growth in the region and improve international relations.
The geographical location of ASEAN countries is in the southeastern part of the Asian continent. If you look at the world map, Southeast Asia itself is located between the Australian continent and the Asian continent.
Judging from its astronomical position, Southeast Asia is at 29.1°N – 11°S and 92°E – 141°East. Therefore, this region passes through the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. All countries that cross the equator must have a tropical climate, so they become beautiful natural areas with lots of rainforests and a variety of flora and fauna.
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As a region with a tropical climate, Southeast Asia generally only has two seasons, namely the dry season and the rainy season. Quoting emodul.kemdikbud, this is the equatorial pressure from the monsoons that come from the desert in Australia and the trade winds from the subtropics.
Rainfall in this region is also influenced by geographical conditions, so that each region can have a different rainy season. For example, the rainy season in Indonesia is from October to April, and in Thailand from October to January.
This is different from the Philippines where it can rain all year round. Meanwhile, the northern part of Myanmar has a subtropical climate. Photo: AP via Save Elephant Foundation/Which country in Southeast Asia has a tropical and subtropical climate? Here’s the answer
Most of the countries in the Southeast Asian region have a tropical climate due to the same astronomical conditions. In the book “Class VIII SMP Edition of Social Sciences and Social Sciences Module” by Tenya Kurniawati and Andri Setiawan, ASEAN countries with tropical climates have an astronomical position of 23.5 degrees North Latitude and 23.5 degrees South Latitude.
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It is this climate similarity that ultimately leads to interactions between ASEAN countries. Not only that, the ASEAN region is also covered by the continents of Asia and Australia. Because of the two continents, the wind direction in the ASEAN region changes every six months.
As previously mentioned, most ASEAN countries have similar astronomical conditions, but there are two ASEAN countries with subtropical climates.
A country with two climates in Southeast Asia, namely tropical and subtropical Vietnam and Myanmar. This is because the northern region of the two countries is close to the subtropical region.
According to the Top book no. 1 Class 9 Daily Legal Review Written by the editor of Bintang Wahyu, countries in the ASEAN region have two climate characteristics, namely:
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In addition, the ASEAN region is located at the meeting point of the Pacific Rim and the Mediterranean Sea. This location is responsible for the presence of many volcanoes in ASEAN countries.
Nevertheless, there are many plateaus in the ASEAN region. some examples include the Korat Plateau in Thailand, Tonkin in Vietnam, Bolowens in Laos, and Dieng in Indonesia.
These are two countries in Southeast Asia with tropical and subtropical climates. Most countries in the ASEAN region have a tropical climate, such as Indonesia. The climatic similarity between the different ASEAN countries is affected by their astronomical positions.
This country with a tropical climate is located at 23.5 degrees North latitude and 23.5 degrees South latitude. However, there are countries in ASEAN that have a subtropical climate, namely Myanmar. This country is also the only Asean country with a subtropical climate.
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Even though it has a subtropical climate, not all of Myanmar has a subtropical climate and experiences four seasons, because parts of this country still have a tropical climate. Even parts of Myanmar have a monsoon climate. In general, this country has three climates at once.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the southern part of Myanmar has a tropical climate. The northern part of Myanmar has a subtropical climate. Even though Myanmar is located near the equator, its climate is influenced by the monsoons. This is also called the climate in Myanmar as a monsoon climate.
Seasons in Myanmar are divided into three types, namely the rainy season, cool dry season, and hot dry season. The rainy season lasts from May to October. The cool dry season corresponds to November-February. And the hot dry season is from March to April.
The average temperature in Myanmar is 27 degrees Celsius. The farther north Myanmar is, the colder it gets.
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Delic explained that this is a subtropical climate zone quoted from the weather and climate series in the Iskandar Encyclopedia.
It is located between 23.5 degrees north latitude – 40 degrees and 23.5 degrees south latitude – 40 degrees.
Regions in the subtropical climate zone have their own characteristics, namely experiencing four seasons. The four seasons are winter, spring, summer and winter. Basically, countries that experience this subtropical climate are in Europe and North America. The natural conditions of the Southeast Asian region and the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are different. What are the differences in the natural conditions of each country in ASEAN?
It should be noted that geographical location is one of the points that became the background for the creation of ASEAN. Apart from being geographically close to the same region, ASEAN countries also tend to have similar natural conditions.
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But beyond that, as quoted in Tri Prasetyo’s Introduction to ASEAN and its countries (2019), there are several things that formed the background to the creation of ASEAN, namely:
So far, there are a total of 10 countries that are members of ASEAN in the Southeast Asia region. The natural conditions in these countries are very different.
Indonesia is the largest country in Southeast Asia with an area of 1.905 million km2, stretching from Aceh to Papua.
Within this area, Indonesia has a tropical climate and natural conditions with relatively high rainfall compared to other countries in Southeast Asia.
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This also makes Indonesia famous for its many forests, ranging from tropical rain forests to savannas or grasslands.
This Malaysian country has a tropical climate with relatively high rainfall. In addition, Malaysia has areas of dense tropical forest and several high hills, the highest peak of which is Mount Kinabalu (4,095.2 m) in Sabah.
This industrialized and most developed country in the Southeast Asian region covers an area of 728.6 km2 and is the central point of seaports in mainland Asia.
Singapore is also a country that connects the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. Apart from that, Singapore is also dominated by the foothills and several small hills around the city center.
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The Philippines is a country with 7,641 islands with an area of 300,000 km2. The natural position of the Philippines is directly adjacent to the Celebes Sea and has three main territorial groups, namely Luzon, Bisaya and Mindanao.
On the other hand, the country led by Bongbong Marcos has a tropical climate with three distinct seasons. There is a rainy season, winter and hot or dry season.
The country, which is nicknamed the land of the white elephant, covers an area of 514,000 km2 and is located in the middle of Southeast Asia.
Thailand’s landscape is dotted with foothills, central plains and high mountains. Thailand has a tropical climate which is heavily influenced by monsoons.
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This neighboring country to Indonesia covers an area of 5,765 km2, with much of its territory consisting of swamps, mangroves and hills.
Brunei Darussalam has a tropical climate with rainfall of 2000 mm/year, similar to other ASEAN countries.
Vietnam’s natural situation is full of lowlands and some mountains. One of them is Mount Annam, whose peak reaches a height of 1800 m. Vietnam also has a plain known as the Mekong River Delta.
Laos is a communist country with an area of 236,800 km2, its land area is mountainous with dense forests.
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Laos has the country’s highest peak, Mount Phu, presided over by Thonglun Sijuang. Laos has three seasons, namely hot rainy season, cool season, and dry season (transition).
The country of Myanmar covers an area of 676,578 km2 and is directly bordered by India and Bangladesh to the west and Thailand and Laos to the east.
The natural conditions of Myanmar are divided into two, namely the southern part of Myanmar which has a tropical climate and the northern part of Myanmar which has a subtropical climate.
Finally, there is Cambodia which only has one territory
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